Optimum - OPTimised Industrial IoT and Distributed Control Platform for Manufacturing and Material Handling


The OPTIMUM project contributes to the German industry project Industrie 4.0 and joins the international and European initiatives in the "digital manufacturing" environment. Compared to today's central and hierarchically structured control and application processes, future, component-based concepts and "collaborative automation" require distributed functionalities. The technologies to be developed in OPTIMUM are intended to enable manufacturers and especially hoisting machine manufacturers to reduce the hardware variants of the control technology used while at the same time increasing the modularity of the software. Context and position information are intended to allow assistance functions that lead to greater efficiency, comfort and safety, thus improving the chances of new innovative products on the market. Taking into account current discussions on industry-compliant architectures, components and services, OPTIMUM has the following objectives:

•       Improving aspects of distributed control

•       Use and adapt technologies from the IIoT environment for real industrial applications

•       Improve control logic and applications by taking into account context and location information

•       Model- and 3D-based engineering and plant monitoring

The Institute MD will focus on real-time distributed control, localization of objects in the industrial environment and industrial IoT protocols. Initially, the institute will participate in the use case "Material Handling". A particular focus will be on the development of an inexpensive and accurate localization system. The localization data is made available at real-time and serves to improve safety, for example to prevent the accident between machines and personnel, and to realize new functions for process optimization. Consequently, new open IP-based network concepts are tested for usability in the distributed control system.

Research grant

This project is funded by the German Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF) under the grant number: 01IS17027H

Project period

01.09.2017 - 31.08.2020


Foto Frank Golatowski

Frank Golatowski

Tel.: +49 381 498 7274
Raum: W1323

Foto Dirk Timmermann

Prof. Dr.-Ing.
Dirk Timmermann

Tel.: +49 381 498 7250
Raum: W1205

Hannes Raddatz

Tel.: +49 381 498 7271
Raum: W1320

Foto Fabian Hoelzke

Fabian Hölzke

Tel.: +49 381 498 7290
Raum: W1339


Fabian Hölzke, Jakob Heller, Salo A. Deatcu, Frank Golatowski, Dirk Timmermann:
Step Detection through Ultra-Low Complexity Zero Crossing Analysis
In Proceedings of the 15th IEEE International Conference on Signal Processing (ICSP), pp. 626-631, DOI: 10.1109/ICSP48669.2020.9321077, Peking, China, Dezember 2020

Giuliano Persico, Hannes Raddatz, Metin Tekkalmaz, Karsten Meisberger, Tianzhe Yu, Matthias Riedl:
Sichere Kommunikation für kollaborative Steuerungssysteme
In Proceedings 11. Jahreskolloquium Kommunikation in der Automation (KommA),  Lemgo, Deutschland, Springer, Oktober 2020

Giuliano Persico, Hannes Raddatz, Duy Lam Tran, Matthias Riedl, Metin Tekkalmaz:
Verteilte Steuerungen für den Einsatz in Logistiksystemen
In Proceedings VDI-Kongress Automation 2020,  Baden-Baden, Deutschland, ISBN: 978-3-18-092375-8, VDI-Verlag, Juli 2020

Frank Golatowski, Hannes Raddatz, Fabian Hoelzke, Enkhtuvshin Janchivnyambuu, Peter Danielis, Dirk Timmermann:
An OPC UA-based Crane Model Using Time-Sensitive Networking Technology
In Proceedings of the 3rd IEEE International Conference on Industrial Cyber-Physical Systems (ICPS), pp. 1-6, DOI: 10.1109/ICPS48405.2020.9274709, Tampere, Finnland, Juni 2020 

Hannes Raddatz, Eman Mahmoud, Fabian Hoelzke, Peter Danielis, Dirk Timmermann, Frank Golatowski :
Evaluation and Extension of OPC UA Publish/Subscribe MQTT Binding
In Proceedings of the 3rd IEEE International Conference on Industrial Cyber-Physical Systems (ICPS), pp. 1-6, DOI: 10.1109/ICPS48405.2020.9274696, Tampere, Finnland, Juni 2020 

Fabian Hölzke, Mohammad Ghojal, Peter Danielis, Dirk Timmermann, Frank Golatowski:
Comparison of Ultra-Wideband Range Processing and Filtering for Indoor Localization
In Proceedings of the 3rd IEEE International Conference on Industrial Cyber-Physical Systems (ICPS), pp. 1-6, DOI: 10.1109/ICPS48405.2020.9274547, Tampere, Finnland, Juni 2020 

Giuliano Persico, Hannes Raddatz, Duy Lam Tran, Matthias Riedl, Paolo Varutti, Metin Tekkalmaz:
Communication Solutions for the Integration of Distributed Control in Logistics Systems
In Proceedings of the 45th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society (IECON), pp. 1-6, DOI: 10.1109/IECON.2019.8927834, Lisbon, Portugal, Oktober 2019

Fabian Hölzke, Hannes Raddatz, Frank Golatowski, Dirk Timmermann, Julian Lategahn:
Evaluating the Synergy of Relative and Absolute Indoor Localization in Industrial Spaces
In Proceedings of the 45th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society (IECON), pp. 1-6, Lisbon, Portugal, Oktober 2019

Fabian Hölzke, Peter Danielis, Frank Golatowski, Dirk Timmermann
A Fusion Approach for the Localization of Humans in Factory Environments
In Proceedings of the 1st IEEE International Conference on Industrial Cyber-Physical Systems (ICPS-2018), pp. 59-64, ISBN: 978-1-5386-6531-2, DOI: 10.1109/ICPHYS.2018.8387638, Saint‑Petersburg, Russland, Mai 2018

Partner Companies

BEIA Consult International


BEIA brings experience in IoT systems and contributes with requirements from the point of view of a service provider in the electronics manufacturing and materials handling domain. Also, BEIA envisions to extend its IoT components with location & environment aware capabilities and integrate them into the IIoT platform.

Bosch Rexroth AG


As an industrial control platform supplier the main contribution of Bosch Rexroth is the development of the distributed control platform and its interaction with the IIoT platform for manufacturing and material handling applications environment. Special respect is taken on the real-time capabilities when exploiting The IIoT platform

Comnovo GmbH


COMNOVO contributes to the location hardware and software solution based on their Ultra-Wideband Radio-Technology platform for indoor localization and distance measurement. COMNOVO’s localization components will be integrated into the demonstrator and adapted and implemented with regard to the requirements of the harsh process environment.

Centre for Factories of the Future Ltd.

United Kingdom

Main role of C4FF is to support the partnership in integration, validation and dissemination of project results. To this end, C4FF helps the partnership to produce, review dissemination materials with their native speakers and specialists in the subject to get the content right for the target group. C4FF provides support in integration, validation and demonstration of project outputs.

Demag Cranes & Components GmbH


Demag Cranes & Components (Demag) is one of the leading manufacturers of cranes, components and drive technology and thus one of the main industry driver in OPTIMUM. The company is acting as an end user and as a system integrator for complex crane applications. Demag intends to enhance components with distributed control and location aware capabilities and will develop specific assistance functions. New functionalities will give a chance to differentiate from competitors. Demag acts as project coordinator.



Since its foundation DIA has been providing SaaS solutions for Turkey ERP market and has developed Turkey's first cloud-based ERP solution. DIA contributes to enable the data collection from IIoT end nodes to the cloud. DIA is very experienced in designing UX considered UIs. DIA also contributes to the development of an end-user dashboard including reporting and configuration functionalities.



Being an automotive part manufacturer, ERMETAL contributes; to define ERMETAL use cases regarding material handling and smart manufacturing domains and requirements according to project objectives as an end user; to merge ERMETAL use cases and other use cases submitted by other partners; to offer it’s knowledge and experience over years on operator safety; to prepare 3D models of it’s facility and to simulate it’s use cases using some engineering tools. ERMETAL presents applicability, benefits and industry integration of project results.

Erste Kurumsal Araştırma ve Yazılım Teknolojileri Ltd. Şti.


The main role of ERSTE is to contribute to the develop the IIoT platform and context-awareness functionality required by the project. ERSTE also contributes to project requirements and design of overall system architecture. ERSTE will also contribute to development of country pilot especially from IIoT perspective by exploiting project outcomes.

Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute

Korea, Republic of

Since its foundation in 1976, ETRI has been delivering Korea as one of the top ICT nations in the World by contribution to research and development of world’s first and best technologies in the field of Information, Communications, Electronics, Broadcasting and Convergence technologies. In OPTIMUM project, ETRI is leading work package related to dissemination and exploitation activities. Also ETRI is leading task related to framework specification and task related to industrial control communication interface.

Ezeris Networks Global Services SL


Ezeris is a cutting-edge, leading Internet of Things (IoT) platform provider dealing with solutions regarding connected devices based on a control dashboard, data analytics, management and visualization. Ezeris specializes in making it simple and cost-effective to Internet-enable devices and products for manufacturers, professionals and casual users. Ezeris contributes to the OPTIMUM project by developing a test solution that will be marketed as a software framework, license, and as a service.


Korea, Republic of

As a leading professional software company in Korea, HandySoft has been providing IoT platform and various innovative solutions in Korea as well as in Asia. It will contribute mainly to the architecture and interface design of the IIoT platform, development and system verification.

Institut für Automation und Kommunikation e. V. (ifak e.V.)


IFAK’s major contribution is dedicated to the design and adaptation of a distributed control platform to embedded controllers and the open framework for control application design. These works consider the integration of location, context awareness and security functions. Work is going on to specify interfaces supporting integration of IIoT platform services and real-time protocols. Further-on IFAK supports the development of assistance functions for crane applications and finally contributes to the industrial material handling demonstrator.

Magtel Operaciones S.L.U


MAGTEL supports the development of the platform for IIoT applied to manufacturing and material handling and development of Industry 4.0 and in design and implementation of the Distributed Control Platform which collaborates with IIoT platform.

NXP Semiconductors Germany GmbH


NXP develops security functions for embedded components, as secure communication plays an essential role in distributed control and application environments. Employing these functions in the runtime environment may enhance future communication platforms. So there are certain opportunities for NXP to further on sell products on the market.



SOTEC will contribute as major system integrator and IoT technology provider, mostly in WP6. It will ensure crystal-clear validation and different project yielded results integration.

tarakos GmbH


TARAKOS, as a software-supplier of factory planning and visualization tools, is experienced in 3D-modelling, 3D-simulation and 3D visualization. TARAKOS improves its software for visualisation by means of the results of OPTIMUM, especially modules for connections to distributed control systems and SCADA-Systems. TARAKOS adds new functions to their products which will assist users to plan innovative processes in IIoT-context and give users the chance to validate their solutions easily in the early project-phase. It will help to simulate and visualize the interaction between different material-handling objects (cranes, folk-lifts, conveyors). Special focus is on the planning and visualization of crane-systems.

Thorsis Technologies GmbH


Thorsis Technologies GmbH contributes to the derivation of the German "Material Handling" use-cases for the OPTIMUM project. This process, consists in particular in the identification of specific requirements for the use-cases as well as for the final system demonstrator, whose implementation is planned at project end. Furthermore, Thorsis provides its industrial expertise w.r.t. gateways for automation and industrial communication. Thorsis' gateway line - a set of modular products for heterogeneous industrial applications - is adapted during the project to fulfill the specified requirements with particular attention to aspects concerning security and reliable communication. With these new components, it is possible to connect the different parts (or subsystems) of the overall OPTIMUM-system in order to realize a functional IIoT-platform for manufacturing and material handling.